SUMMARY: LEVITICUS

Justin Holcomb and The Resurgence are continuing their  “Bible Book Summaries” series, providing helpful overviews of the main topics, themes, and theology of each book of the Bible.  Below is the summary posted for Leviticus:

Author and Dates:

The book of Leviticus was written by Moses to the Israelites on the plains of Moab as they were preparing to enter the Promised Land (around 1410 B.C. or 1255 B.C., depending on the exact date of the exodus from Egypt).

Purpose:

To instruct Israel in proper worship both in the wilderness and the land.

Outline:

I. Regulations for sacrifice (1-7)

II. Regulations for priests (8-10)

III. Regulations for uncleanness and its treatment (11-16)

IV. Prescriptions for practical holiness (17-27)

  • Regulations of holy living (17-25)
  • Blessings and curses (26)
  • Regulations of vows (27)

Major Characters:

Israelite priests, Moses, Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu

Book Summary:

The book of Leviticus is a fascinating retelling of the desired religious life for ancient Israel. Various rituals and practices are performed that symbolize and address a variety of practical and significant parts of people’s lives before God. Every element of this religious program was designed to reveal different aspects of God’s character, as well as bring healing and blessing to those who have faith. While many of the customs appear unusual at first glance, Leviticus offers contemporary readers an alluring invitation to the cleansing, hopeful, personal, social restoration and intimate life with God that only the Creator could provide.

Leviticus is the part of God’s story where the Israelites are given instructions on how to be holy, truly acceptable to God, and in right relationships with one another—which they could not achieve without God’s gracious provision.

Themes:

  • Holiness – The various laws have to do with holiness before God and with love of neighbor.
  • Repentance – The acknowledgment and turning away from sin.
  • Forgiveness – The satisfaction and removal of sin.
  • Restoration – The recovering of a meaningful relationship with God and others.
  • Doubt and Assurance – Obedience flows from confidence in God’s promises.

(HT: TheResurgence)

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